SDG Indicator 1.1.1
Indicator 1.1.1 - Percent of population living in extreme poverty.
San Diego Region Data:
Data for Indicator 1.1.1 comes from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) poverty estimates. The U.S. poverty threshold varies based on year and family size. For example, in 2020, a household with two adults and two children would be considered under the poverty line if the household had an annual income of less than $26,246.
The United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals allow individual countries to define extreme poverty to suit the country or available data. We define people living below the extreme poverty line as people from households that earn less than 50% of the U.S. national poverty level for a specific year.
Poverty Levels by Jurisdictions
The map below displays 2020 ACS Poverty Estimates for each jurisdiction in the San Diego region. View the mapped jurisdictional data.
As of 2021, a reported 180,396 people in the San Diego region (5.6% of the population) remain in extreme poverty. To achieve the regional target by 2030, local governments and businesses must collaborate to:
- Create jobs in the region with
adequate, equitable wages
- Invest in high-quality
childcare and early childhood education
- Provide universal opportunities for affordable housing and quality healthcare
Availability and Use of Data
About the San Diego County Data
San Diego County Data for this Indicator comes from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) estimates and is available at the county, jurisdiction, and census tract levels.
The choice to use one- or five-year data is based on the geography type and the type of analysis for which it is needed.
One-year data has a sample size sufficient to report results and compare change over time at the county level. However, the Census Bureau recommends against using one-year data for 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, time-series results using this data will not have a value for 2020.
The sample size for one-year data is insufficient at the census tract level. Therefore, results at this level use five-year data.
At the jurisdictional level, while the sample size of one-year data is sufficient for large jurisdictions, it is not for many of the smaller ones. Results at the jurisdiction level use five-year data and are not available by year. Thus, at the jurisdictional level, data is reported for 2015 (which is based on the 2011-2015 data) and 2020 (which is based on the 2016-2020 data).
Baja California Data:
Data for Indicator 1.1.1 for Baja California comes from the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL). They estimate poverty using a measure called the Social Lag score, which is a value that is calculated for a geography based on the percentage of households that have such things as indoor plumbing, electricity, a dirt floor, internet access, as well as the population’s access to education and health services.
While the data below is shown as numeric values, these are most often used as the following Social Lag categorical values:
- -0.713 and below = Very Low
- -0.712 - -0.125 = Low
- -0.124 - 0.963 = Average
- 0.964 - 1.790 = High
- 1.791 and above = Very High
San Quintín and Ensenada Data
San Quintín was declared its own municipality in 2020. Previously, it was part of the Ensenada municipality. Therefore, when looking at trend data for all of Baja California, the data for San Quintín will be included in Ensenada. Also, the municipality boundary file available for use in the public domain is based on the 2012 Census and thus does not include San Quintín.
Availability and Use of Data
About the Baja California Data
Baja California Data for this indicator comes from the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL).